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Title: Biological interactions between nematophagous fungi, Esteya spp., and the pinewood nematode, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus
Authors: Pires, David
Vicente, Claudia
Inacio, ML
Mota, Manuel
Keywords: Esteya
Bursaphelenchus xylophilus
Issue Date: 14-Dec-2021
Citation: Pires D, Vicente C, Inacio ML, Mota M (2021) Biological interactions between nematophagous fungi, Esteya spp., and the pinewood nematode, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus. Advances in Nematology - AAB
Abstract: The pinewood nematode (PWN), Bursaphelenchus xylophilus, is a quarantine organism in several countries and the causal agent of pine wilt disease (PWD), a serious threat to pine forests worldwide. PWD results from complex interactions between the nematode, its insect vector, Monochamus spp., and host plants (conifers), being the nematode the common element in this interaction. The PWN is considered the sixth most economically important plant-parasitic nematode. In Europe, this pest was first reported in Portugal in 1999, in maritime pine, Pinus pinaster. Due to its economic importance and worldwide distribution, an enormous amount of effort is devoted to research on B. xylophilus and PWD. Scenarios strongly suggest that climate change is likely going to cause a spread of PWD and outbreaks in areas free of the disease. The urgent need for sustainable management strategies has led to an increasing interest in antagonists capable of suppressing the PWN. Nematophagous fungi belonging to the Esteya genus are reported as natural enemies of the PWN and promising biocontrol agents. There are currently two described species: E. vermicola and E. floridanum, the first of which is capable of mimicking volatile organic compounds produced naturally by Pinus spp. in order to attract PWN. However, few studies have been carried out on the development of Esteya spp. inside pine trees, and none using maritime pine, the main and most affected species in Portuguese forests and its largest carbon reservoir. It is therefore crucial to understand the plant-nematode-fungus interactions between P. pinaster, B. xylophilus and Esteya spp. In this sense, biological interactions between these two antagonists, the PWN and P. pinaster were investigated, namely fungus-fungus, fungus-nematode and fungus-tree, as well as feeding trials and chemotaxis assays, to determine the attractive power of both fungal species. These results will enlighten us on the most promising species for biocontrol and help us devise new ways to manage PWD.
Type: lecture
Appears in Collections:MED - Comunicações - Em Congressos Científicos Internacionais

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