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Title: Antibiotic Resistance and Virulence Factors among Enterococci Isolated from Chourico, a Traditional Portuguese Dry Fermented Sausage
Authors: Ribeiro, T
Oliveira, M
Fraqueza, M.J
Laukova, A
Elias, M
Tenreiro, R
Barreto, A.S
Semedo-Lemsaddek, T
Issue Date: Mar-2011
Publisher: JOURNAL OF FOOD PROTECTION Volume: 74 Issue: 3 Pages: 465-469
Abstract: Enterococci are ubiquitous microorganisms, found as part of the normal intestinal microbiota of many animals. They can be present in food products, for example, the Portuguese dry fermented sausage chourico. Twenty enterococci were isolated from chourico in two processing units; after identification and typification by conventional-molecular methods, the isolates were screened for virulence factors and antibiotic resistance. Identification allocated all enterococci to the species Enterococcus faecalis, and PCR fingerprinting demonstrated that each isolate was specific to the processing unit and chourico from which it was recovered. Regarding the screening for virulence factors, I strain produced cytolysin and 4 were gelatinase positive, but none produced lipase. The ace gene was detected in I enterococci, ebpABC and efaA(fs). in 16 isolates each, esp in 3, fsrB in 5, gelE in 7, and cylA in I. A multiresistant phenotype was observed in 8 isolates, 6 belonging to factory A. The antibiotic resistance gene ere(B) was detected in 9 enterococci, whereas the genes tet(M), aac(6')-le-aph(2 ''), and vanA were detected in 8 isolates each. As some of the E. faecalis chourico isolates present a multiresistant profile and harbor virulence and/or resistance genes, to assess further the safety of Portuguese dry sausages, a larger number of products and processing units must by analyzed.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:MED - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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