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Title: Grass and Olea Airborne Pollen Allergens in Outdoor Air Samples and its Correlation with Pollen Counts
Authors: Ladeira, S.
Nunes, C.
Ferro, R.
Ribeiro, R.
Martins, M.
Caeiro, E.
Antunes, C.
Brandao, R.
Caldeira, A.
Keywords: Pollen
Outdoor environment
Chemvol sampler
Issue Date: Feb-2011
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: RATIONALE: In Portugal, grass and Olea europaea pollen are certainly one of the main sources of athmospheric aeroallergens and as such, one of the main causes of respiratory allergy. For these reasons, it is useful the development of new strategies for prevention and treatment of these pathologies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the putative correlation between the concentration of some of the major allergens of and with their pollen counts. METHODS: On a meteorological platform at the town center of Evora (south Portugal), ambient air was sampled at 800L/min with a Chemvol high-volume cascade impactor equipped with stages PM>10μm, 10 μm>PM>2.5μm. The polyurethane impacting substrate was extracted with 0.1M NH4HCO3, pH8.1, supplemented with 0.1% BSA. The major pollen allergens from grass Phleum p 5 and olive Ole e 1 were determined with allergen specific ELISA's. Airborne pollen of and Olea europaea simultaneously monitored with a Burkard Seven Day Recording Volumetric Spore TrapÒ, between the 30th of April and the 8th of July of 2009. Both samplers were placed side-by-side with air input at the same level. RESULTS: During the pollen season of 2009, high values of grass pollen were recorded between May 2th and June 1 th. It was also observed that the air content of Phl p5 or Ole e1 aeroallergens were directly correlated with airborne pollen counts of Poaceae and Oleaceae, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest that the directly quantification of aeroallergens may contribute, together with pollen counts of air samples, to define the allergic risk with higher precision.
Type: lecture
Appears in Collections:MED - Comunicações - Em Congressos Científicos Internacionais

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