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Title: Manganese uptake to wheat shoot meristems is differentially influenced by arbuscular mycorrhiza fungal communities adapted to acidic soils
Authors: Faria, J. M. S.
Teixeira, D. M.
Ferreira, D.
Barrulas, P.
Brito, I.
Pinto, A. P.
Carvalho, M.
Keywords: arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi
intact extraradical mycelium
Mn toxicity
soil acidity
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: MDPI / Soil Systems
Citation: Faria, J.M.S.; Teixeira, D.M.;Ferreira, D.; Faria, J.M.S.; Teixeira, D.M.;Ferreira, D.; Barrulas, P.; Brito, I.; Pinto, A.P.; Carvalho, M. Manganese Uptake to Wheat Shoot Meristems Is Differentially Influenced by Arbuscular Mycorrhiza Fungal Communities Adapted to Acidic Soil. Soil Syst. 2022, 6, 50.https:// Adapted to Acidic Soil. Soil Syst. 2022, 6, 50.https://
Abstract: Soil acidity is a strong promoter of the bioavailability of Al, Fe, and Mn, whose concentrations can sometimes reach toxic levels for plants. In agricultural soils, the use of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) has shown a protective influence on wheat growth under Mn toxicity. The intact extraradical mycelium (ERM) promotes faster AMF colonization, leading to a higher wheat shoot weight, lower Mn uptake, and changes in antioxidant enzyme activity. Its effect on the uptake and distribution of plant nutrients according to the developmental stage of shoot organs has seldomly been analyzed. In the present study, Mn, Mg, Ca, and K were quantified by ICP–MS in leaves and apical meristems of wheat grown in soil with two different ERM consortia, developed from the native plants Lolium rigidum (LOL) and Ornithopus compressus (ORN). The ORN treatment induced the highest wheat shoot weights and the lowest Mn levels. In the leaves, no significant differences were detected for Mg, Ca, or K, but in the apical meristems, the ORN treatment slightly lowered the Ca concentration. The AMF associated with ORN was seen to enhance wheat weight partly by protecting the zones of active growth against high Mn levels in Mn toxic soils. The use of ORN in acidic soils with Mn toxicity provides a sustainable alternative and an efficient complement to current farming practices to lower the negative impacts of farming on the environment.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:QUI - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica
MED - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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