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Title: Broad environmental tolerance of native root- nodule bacteria of Biserrula pelecinus indicate potential for soil fertility restoration
Authors: Vicente, Claudia
Pérez-Fernández, Maria A
Keywords: acidity
Biserrula pelecinus
biological nitrogen fixation
heavy metals
Issue Date: Jun-2016
Publisher: Plant Ecology & Diversity
Citation: Vicente CSL, Pérez-Fernández (2016) Broad environmental tolerance of native root- nodule bacteria of Biserrula pelecinus indicate potential for soil fertility restoration. Plant Ecology and Diversity 9: 299-307
Abstract: Background: Biserrula pelecinus is an annual legume native to the Mediterranean basin, found in pastureland, alone or in association with other legumes (Leguminosae) and grasses (Poaceae). It has been used in revegetation programmes of mining wastes showing phytoremediation potentials and thus becoming potentially highly attractive for plant ecology and restoration management of natural ecosystems. Aims: To characterise native root-nodule bacteria isolated from B. pelecinus from the Iberian Peninsula, and to select suitable N fixers for field-application and soil rehabilitation. Methods: Strains were isolated and molecularly identified by 16S rRNA amplification and sequencing. Strains were phenotypically characterised in different abiotic conditions (acidity, salinity and heavy metals) and tested for their ability to fix atmospheric N2. The most suitable N fixers were applied in greenhouse experiments with B. pelecinus under different fertilization levels to assess their tolerance to fertilized and polluted soils, commonly encountered in restoration projects. Results: B. pelecinus root-nodule isolates tolerated pH from 4.5 to 9.5 grew in saline conditions (2.5% of NaCl), and tolerated 50 μM of Al3+ and Mn2+. Three isolates efficient in N2 fixation, relative to the reference Mesorhizobium strain, were considered excellent candidates for the amelioration of nutrient poor sites. Conclusions: These results provide valuable information for the potential use in soil restoration of B. pelecinus in a wide- range of conditions, exploiting the natural variability of its root-nodule bacteria.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:MED - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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