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|Title: ||Portuguese Local pig breeds: genotype effects on meat and fat quality traits|
|Authors: ||Martins, J.M.|
dorsal subcutaneous fat
|Issue Date: ||2020|
|Citation: ||Martins, J.M.; R. Fialho; A. Albuquerque; J. Neves; A. Freitas; J.T. Nunes; R. Charneca (2020). Portuguese Local pig breeds: genotype effects on meat and fat quality traits. Animals, 10(5), 905.|
|Abstract: ||This work investigated the contribution of cross‐breeding between two local Portuguese pig breeds to the conservation of animal biodiversity and income of local pig producers. Quality traits of semimembranosus (SM), gluteus medius (GM) and dorsal subcutaneous fat (DSF) were
studied in Alentejano (AL), Bísaro (BI), AL × BI, and BI × AL (Ribatejano—RI) castrated male pigs. Pigs were reared outdoors, fed ad libitum, and slaughtered at ~65 (trial 1) and 150 kg BW (trial 2).
In trial 1, AL pigs showed higher SM intramuscular fat, lower total collagen, and higher soluble collagen than BI pigs, while AL × BI and BI × AL pigs showed intermediate (NS) values. AL, AL ×
BI, and BI × AL pigs showed higher SM myoglobin content, and AL a more intense red colour than BI pigs. Finally, AL, AL × BI, and BI × AL showed higher total lipids in DSF than BI pigs. In trial 2, SM and DSF results were similar to those obtained in trial 1. In GM, AL and BI × AL showed higher intramuscular fat than BI and AL × BI pigs, while AL, AL × BI and BI × AL showed lower total collagen content than BI pigs. In conclusion, these results suggest that RI crosses are a productive
alternative, with overall muscle and DSF traits statistically not different between AL × BI and BI × AL, and similar to those observed in AL pigs.|
|Appears in Collections:||ZOO - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica|
MED - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica
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