Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10174/26804

Title: Historical Development of the Portuguese Forest The Introduction of Invasive Species
Authors: Nunes, Leonel
Meireles, Catarina
Pinto Gomes, Carlos
Almeida Ribeiro, Nuno
Keywords: Forest management
forest development
invasive species
forest economy
Issue Date: 4-Nov-2019
Publisher: Forests
Citation: Ribeiro Nunes, L.J., Meireles, C.I.R., Pinto Gomes, C.J., Almeida Ribeiro, N.M.C, (2019). Historical Development of the Portuguese Forest The Introduction of Invasive Species. Forests 2019, 10, 974; doi:10.3390/f10110974
Abstract: Portugal is a country with a territorial dimension of approximately 90,000 km2. However, the forest occupies a prominent position, since it represents about 35% of the total area of the country. Portuguese people always had a very close connection with the forest, which has provided the necessaryresourcesforthedevelopmentofitscommunities. Thegeologicalsubstratumofcontinental Portugal is very old and may therefore have witnessed the evolution of its plants, from the early beginning to the present time, as well as all sort of historical and environmental landmarks such as glacial periods or mass extinctions. Also, from the perspective of human occupation, Portuguese territory was crossed by hunter-gatherer populations who, initially, were constantly moving and looking for sustenance, but at a later stage, chose to settle. This relationship between human populations and the forest is, thus, very old and demonstrates the interdependence between the subsistence of the populations and the resources exploitation. Currently, the main national economic groupsarebasedonforestindustries,whichdependdirectlyontheexploitationofthethreedominant species, Eucalyptus globulus Labill., Pinus pinaster Aiton and Quercus suber L., demonstrating the human role in the development of the forest, motivated by the satisfaction of its needs. This work reviews the historical development of the forest in mainland Portugal, from geological times to the present, including the arrival of exotic species that later acquired invasive behaviors and now occupy significant areas of the national territory.
URI: www.mdpi.com/journal/forests
http://hdl.handle.net/10174/26804
Type: article
Appears in Collections:FIT - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica
ICAAM - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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