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Title: Energy and environmental performances of hybrid photovoltaic irrigation systems in Mediterranean intensive and super-intensive olive orchards
Authors: Todde, Giuseppe
Murgia, Lelia
Deligios, Paola Antonia
Almeida, Rita H.
Carrêlo, Isaac B.
Moreira, Madalena
Pazzona, Antonio
Ledda, Luigi
Narvarte Fernández, , Luis
Keywords: LCA
Solar energy
PV water pumping
GHG agriculture
Electricity and diesel fuel
Climate change
Issue Date: Oct-2018
Citation: Todde, Giuseppe; Murgia, Lelia; Deligios, Paola Antonia; Almeida, Rita H.; Carrêlo, Isaac B.; Moreira, Madalena; Pazzona, Antonio; Ledda, Luigi y Narvarte Fernández, Luis (2018). Energy and environmental performances of hybrid photovoltaic irrigation systems in Mediterranean intensive and super-intensive olive orchards. "Science of the Total Environment", v. 651 ; pp. 2514-2523. ISSN 0048-9697.
Abstract: Over the last decades, traditional olive production has been converted to intensive and super-intensive cultiva- tion systems, characterized by high plant density and irrigation. Although this conversion improves product qual- ity and quantity, it requires a larger amount of energy input. The new contributions in this paper are, first, an analysis of the energy and environmental performance of two commercial-scale high peak-power hybrid photo- voltaic irrigation systems (HPVIS) installed at intensive and super-intensive Mediterranean olive orchards; sec- ond, an analysis of PV hybrid solutions, comparing PV hybridization with the electric power grid and with diesel generators; and finally, a comparison of the environmental benefits of HPVIS with conventional power sources. Energy and environmental performances were assessed through energy and carbon payback times (EPBT and CPBT). The results show EPBT of 1.98 and 4.58 years and CPBT of 1.86 and 9.16 years for HPVIS in Morocco and Portugal, respectively. Moreover, the HPVIS were able to achieve low emission rates, corresponding to 48 and 103 g CO2e per kWh generated. The EPBT and CPBT obtained in this study were directly linked with the irrigation schedules of the olive orchards; therefore, weather conditions and irrigation management may modify the energy and environmental perfor- mances of HPVIS. The consumption of grid electricity and diesel fuel, before and after the implementation of HPVIS, was also ana- lyzed. The results obtained show fossil energy savings of 67% for the Moroccan farm and 41% for the Portuguese installation. These savings suggest that the energy produced by HPVIS in olive orchards will avoid the emissions of a large amount of greenhouse gas and the exploitation of natural resources associated with fossil fuel production.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:MED - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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