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Title: Modelling Germination Rate and Cardinal Temperatures of Seven Mediterranean Crops
Authors: Andrade, José
Cadima, Jorge
Abreu, Francisco
Keywords: Trinagular-shaped model
Plateau-shaped model
germination temperature
Mediterranean agriculture
thermal time
Issue Date: 8-Nov-2018
Publisher: Journal of Crop Improvement
Citation: José A. Andrade, Jorge Cadima & Francisco M. Abreu (2018) Modeling germination rate and cardinal temperatures of seven mediterranean crops, Journal of Crop Improvement, 32:6, 878-902, DOI: 10.1080/15427528.2018.1542362
Abstract: Understanding the relationship between germination rate and temperature is crucial in predicting crop establishment. Piecewise-linear (broken-stick) functions have been suggested to model this relationship. The aim of this paper was to assess how previously suggested triangular-shaped (TS) and plateau-shaped (PS) models performed for seven common Mediterranean crops: pea (Pisum sativum L.), lupine (Lupinus luteus L.), chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), broad bean (Vicia faba L.), sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.), corn (Zea mays L.), and sorghum (Sorghum vulgare L.). Experiments were performed using a thermogradient plate, with temperatures monitored by Cu-CuNi thermocouples. Five temperature ranges, suitable to the thermal responses of each crop, were used. The TS and PS models were fitted to the resulting time to germination vs. mean temperature datasets. The choice of temperature ranges (sub- and supraoptimal in both the TS and the PS models, and an additional intermediate optimal range in the PS model) considered all possible partitions of the data points. The partition that provided the best fit was chosen. The germination rate-temperature relationship was well described by both models. The choice of model affected estimates of cardinal temperatures, thermal times, and maximum rates of germination. Differences were especially noticeable for the heavier-seed crops (broad bean, chickpea, and corn), encouraging the widespread use of the PS model to simulate these relationships. Although slightly more complex than the triangular model, the plateau-shaped model provided a range of optimal temperatures, which has practical advantages from the farmers’ point of view, enabling them to assess the impact of foreseeable weather fluctuations.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:MED - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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