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Title: Teaching Engineers in the Seventeenth Century: European Influences in Portugal
Authors: Conde, Antónia Fialho
Massa-Esteva, Maria Rosa
Editors: Routledge
Keywords: Luís Serrão Pimentel
seventeenth century;
teaching engineers
circulation of knowledge;
Methodo Lusitanico
Stevin’s decimal arithmetic
Euclid’s Elements
Aula de Fortificação e Arquitectura Militar
Issue Date: 8-Jun-2018
Publisher: Routledge - Taylor & Francis Group
Citation: Conde, Antónia Fialho & Massa-Esteve, M. Rosa. (2018). Teaching Engineers in the Seventeenth Century: European Influences in Portugal. Engineering Studies, DOI: 10.1080/19378629.2018.1480627
Abstract: The practice of mathematics underwent a major transformation in the seventeenth century due to new procedures and concepts that also showed their utility for military architecture. The circulation of this knowledge can be found in several works. In this paper, we focus on an early work on Portuguese fortifications, Methodo Lusitanico de Desenhar as Fortificaçoens das Praças Regulares & Irregulares (Lusi- tanic Method of Drawing Fortifications of Regular and Irregular Military Posts), published posthumously in 1680, the author of which was the leading Portuguese Chief Cosmographer and Chief Engineer, Luis Serrão Pimentel (1613–1679). Methodo Lusitanico was a novel work containing the author’s own theoretical explorations of the art and science of fortification in Portugal arising from the theoretical investi- gations and military education sponsored by the Portuguese Crown. The aim of our contribution is to show the European influences on Portuguese science in the seventeenth century through the analysis of an early work on modern fortifications written in the Portuguese language and by a Portuguese scholar. As far as the contents of the book are concerned, we show that Serrão Pimentel analyzes and reviews the published methods of fortification, and modifies them by introducing new procedures to improve the use of mathemat- ics in the teaching of engineers. Our analysis also shows that Serrão Pimentel was a leading mathematician and a skillful teacher who had read the main mathematical works published at his time, such as Stevin’s decimal arithmetic, and used them in practice.
ISSN: 1937-8629
1940-8374 (online)
Type: article
Appears in Collections:HIS - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica
CIDEHUS - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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