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Title: First reproductive and productive results on “Ribatejano pig”
Authors: Charneca, R.
Requetim, C.
Freitas, A.
Neves, J.
Martins, J.M.
Nunes, J.T.
Keywords: Alentejano swine breed
Bísaro swine breed
crossbred piglets
Issue Date: Nov-2016
Publisher: Instituto Superior de Portalegre
Citation: Charneca, R.; Requetim, C.; Freitas, A.; Neves, J.; Martins, J.M.; Nunes, J.T.First reproductive and productive results on “Ribatejano pig”, Trabalho apresentado em 9th International Symposium on the Mediterranean Pig, In 9th International Symposium on the Mediterranean Pig - Book of Abstracts, Portalegre, 2016.
Abstract: The present trail aimed to study the effect of crossbreeding between Alentejano (AL) and Bísaro (BI) swine breeds (“Ribatejano pig”) on some reproductive and productive traits. Nine AL gilts and sows and six BI gilts were crossed with BI and AL boars, respectively. Mating and farrowing dates, prolificacy and litter size at 28d were registered for all sows. The pregnancy length of AL sows was shorter (111±0.4d vs 113.7±0.5d; p=0.002) than the observed on BI females. The BI gilts presented higher prolificacy rate than AL on both total born (11.0±1.0 vs 6.7±0.8; P=0.004) and born alive piglets (10.0±1.0 vs 6.7±0.8; p=0.026). The mortality rate was similar in both genotypes (p=0.255) being on average 12%, therefore at 28d after farrowing the litter size remained higher in BI sows (8.5±0.8 vs 6.1±0.6; p= 0.032). A subset of each genotype (4 gilts) was supervised during farrowing and lactation (until 28d) and piglets were weighed at birth, 24h and 28d of live. Farrowing length was not significantly different (p=0.253) between genotypes, averaging 97±22 min. When compared to ALBI (AL x BI) piglets, the BIAL (BI x AL) piglets were heavier at birth (1402±46g vs 1209±36g; p=0.002). Colostrum intake of piglets per kg of birth weight on the first 24h of life was similar between genotypes (p=0.735) being 289±15g for ALBI and 281±19g for BIAL piglets. The growth rate of piglets from birth to 28d and piglet weight at 28d was not different between genotypes (p=0.161 and p=0.091) averaging 195±6g and 6761±181g, respectively. Litter weight at 28d tended (P=0.06) to be higher on ALBI litters (56.6±4.0kg) than BIAL litters (43.2±4.0kg). This results obtained within the frame of Treasure project* are, at our knowledge, the first data of these crossbred piglets and could be used in future as reference for further studies and also for farmers that may try these cross on a commercial basis.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:MED - Comunicações - Em Congressos Científicos Internacionais

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