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Title: From arid wild legume shrubs to food legume: Application of non-rhizobial bacterial endophytes to improve Cicer arietinum L. growth under salinity
Authors: Ben Gaied, Roukaya
Sbissi, Imed
Tarhouni, Mohamed
Brígido, Clarisse
Keywords: nitrogen-fixation
Semi-arid agriculture
endophytic bacteria
Issue Date: 12-Dec-2023
Publisher: VIII PhD Students Meeting in Environment and Agriculture
Citation: R. Ben Gaied, I. Sbissi, M. Tarhouni, C. Brígido. From arid wild legume shrubs to food legume: Application of non-rhizobial bacterial endophytes to improve Cicer arietinum L. growth under salinity. VIII PhD Students Meeting in Environment and Agriculture. Évora, Portugal. December 12nd, 2023
Abstract: Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is an important grain legume with a high nutritional value. Being the third-largest food legume produced worldwide, chickpea is mainly cultivated in developing countries where crop farming suffers the impacts of various biotic and abiotic constraints such as heat, salinity, and drought. In such vulnerable areas, the increase of soil salinity results in an annual loss of 8-10% of chickpea yield. Salt stress induces not only anatomic and biochemical changes in chickpea plants, but also inhibits the symbiotic interaction with Mesorhizobium resulting in impaired biological nitrogen fixation. In this context, the present study evaluates the effects of salinity on the early molecular events of the Mesorhizobium-chickpea interaction and presents the use of non-rhizobial bacterial endophytes, isolated from wild legume shrubs, as a biological alternative to mitigate the negative impacts of salinity on chickpea growth and symbiosis. As expected, salinity had a negative effect on both symbiotic partners. In chickpea, a significant decrease of 44% of seeds germination was registered under 0.2% NaCl. In addition, a significant reduction of the plant growth was observed in uninoculated plants supplemented with synthetic nitrogen. Similarly, results showed a significant decline in the symbiotic performance of the Mesorhizobium strain under salt stress. Both in vitro and in vivo assays revealed a significant negative impact of salinity on i) the expression of specific symbiotic genes and, ii) the formation of nodules in chickpea plants inoculated with Mesorhizobium alone. Interestingly, the combination of chickpea microsymbiont with different non-rhizobial bacterial endophytes consortia showed to promote i) the plant growth under salinity and ii) the Mesorhizobiumchickpea symbiosis in co-inoculated plants submitted to salt stress. The present study highlights the sensitivity of the early signalling molecular events between both partners to salt stress and reveals the potential application of non-rhizobial bacterial endophytes from wild legume shrubs as plant-growth promoting bacteria in salinized soil.
Type: lecture
Appears in Collections:MED - Comunicações - Em Congressos Científicos Nacionais

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