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Title: Iberian Society
Authors: Cunha, Mafalda Soares da
Editors: Bouza, Fernando
Cardim, Pedro
Feros, Antonio
Keywords: História Moderna
História Social
História Ibérica
Mobilidade Social
Terceiro Estado
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Routledge. Taylor & Francis Group
Citation: CUNHA, Mafalda Soares da & KNEZEVIC, Igor. “Iberian Society” in Fernando Bouza, Pedro Cardim & Antonio Feros (eds.) The Iberian World (1450-1820,London-New York, Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2019, pp. 142-165. ISBN: 978-1-138-92101-6 (hbk); 978-0-429-28369-7 (ebk)
Abstract: The Society of Estates endured as the dominant ideal throughout the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, but what was in theory a rigid system of social distinctions masked a considerable degree of fl exibility in practice. Already by the fifteenth century, an increasingly complex social reality meant that the ordinary language of social description was unmoored from the simple functionalism of the tripartite system of estates— the bellatores , the oratores , and the labradores — if indeed that system was ever fully congruent with reality. The ensuing “terminological promiscuity” rendered any strictly hierarchical system virtually impossible to fix. The terms endured, but their meanings expanded to accommodate new realities, groups, and outlooks. In a general sense, it may be said that the sixteenth century was a period of accelerated social mobility, during which wealth paved the way to social ascent, while the seventeenth century was one of consolidation in theory and practice, with a greater emphasis on blood and lineage— seemingly more immutable characteristics, though in practice open to challenge and manipulation.
ISBN: 978-1-138-92101-6
Type: bookPart
Appears in Collections:HIS - Publicações - Capítulos de Livros
CIDEHUS - Publicações - Capítulos de Livros

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