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|Title: ||The effectiveness of critical thinking instructional strategies in health professions education: a systematic review|
|Authors: ||Payan-Carreira, Rita|
Papathanasiou, Ioanna V.
|Keywords: ||Critical thinking|
|Issue Date: ||20-Mar-2019|
|Citation: ||Rita Payan-Carreira, Gonçalo Cruz, Ioanna V. Papathanasiou, Evangelos
Fradelos & Lai Jiang (2019): The effectiveness of critical thinking instructional strategies
in health professions education: a systematic review, Studies in Higher Education, DOI:
|Abstract: ||This review intends to reveal the current status of the instructional practices
used to enhance Critical Thinking (CrT), Clinical Reasoning and Clinical
Judgement (CJ) skills and dispositions in Health Sciences Higher Education
programmes. After a three-step filtering process, 28 empirical studies on
the effectiveness of the instructional strategies were analysed, following
PICOS methodology. The analysis tackled the type of strategy, methods
and outcomes, the research design, and assessment tools used. Diverse
instructional designs, different in length, were used with variable success
when compared with traditional lecturing. Several limitations were found,
such as insufficient information regarding the intervention design and the
alignment between learning outcomes and the assessment instruments.
Due to the variability in sample sizes and research designs, it is difficult to
conclude on the effectiveness of particular instructional strategies.
Researchers ought to recognize the concerns herein discussed when
designing, implementing and assessing future interventions|
|Appears in Collections:||MED - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica|
MVT - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica
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