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Title: An introduction to Railway Ecology. Chap3 - Methods to Monitor and Mitigate Wildlife Mortality in Railways
Authors: Carvalho, Filipe
Santos, Sara M.
Mira, António
Lourenço, Rui
Editors: Borda-de-Água, Luís
Barrientos, Rafael
Beja, Pedro
Pereira, Henrique
Keywords: Bias sources
Monitoring methods
Monitoring Plan
Mortality estimators
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Springer
Citation: Carvalho, F.; Santos, S.M.; Mira, A.; Lourenço, R. (2017). Methods to monitor and mitigate wildlife mortality in railways. In Borda-de-Água, L.; Barrientos, R.; Beja, P.; Pereira, H.M. (eds.), An Introduction to Railway Ecology. Springer, Cham, pp:23-42
Abstract: Recording wildlife mortality on railways is challenging as they have narrow corridors and lower accessibility. To improve mitigation measures, surveys must be systematic and their frequency depending on the targeted species traits and biology. To obtain unbiased estimates in diverse contexts, the data should be corrected using mortality estimators. Mitigation measures must avoid that animals remain on the tracks, as trains cannot be instantly stopped. Box culverts, amphibian tunnels, and under- or overpasses allow a safe crossing, whereas exclusion fences, olfactory repellents, sound signals and sound barriers prevent the crossing of railways. Habitat management in railway verges improves the animal capability to evade trains.
ISBN: 978-3-319-57495-0
Type: bookPart
Appears in Collections:MED - Publicações - Capítulos de Livros
CIBIO-UE - Publicações - Capítulos de Livros
BIO - Publicações - Capítulos de Livros

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