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Title: Multi-species stand classification: definition and perspectives
Authors: Gonçalves, Ana Cristina
Editors: Sumit Chakravarty, Gopal Shukla
Keywords: density measures
mixture degree index
horizontal distribution
vertical distribution
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: InTech
Citation: Gonçalves, A. C.; 2017. Multi-species stand classification: definition and perspectives. In: Forest Ecology and Conservation. Sumit Chakravarty and Gopal Shukla (eds). InTech. (chapter 1). 4-23 pp. DOI:
Abstract: The increasing demands for products and services from forests enhanced new approaches to stand composition, structure, and management, which encompass multiple use systems, frequently mixed either even aged or uneven aged. Stand classification is frequently based on one density measure (number of trees, basal area, volume or crown cover). As no standard criteria exist, the direct comparison between the different stand classifications is difficult. This created a need for a stand classification that incorporates not only the forest species and composition but also their horizontal and vertical arrangements. The four criteria stand classification incorporates the number of species and their proportion, their horizontal and vertical distribution. The application of this methodology enables an integrated approach, bridging the gap between composition and stand structure. Its use in the National Forest Inventories and in research studies is simple, as shown in the two cases of study presented. It also allows the evaluation of stands in a certain moment in time and their dynamics.
Type: bookPart
Appears in Collections:MED - Publicações - Capítulos de Livros
ERU - Publicações - Capítulos de Livros

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