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Title: X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy (XRF) and Monte Carlo characterization of a unique Nuragic artifact (Sardinia, Italy)
Authors: schiavon, nicola
brunetti, antonio
Keywords: XRF
Monte Carlo SImulations
Nuragic Bronzes
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Spectrochimica Acta Part B Volume 121, 1 July 2016, 18–21
Abstract: The chemical composition of a unique bronze artifact known as the “Cesta” (“Basket”) belonging to the ancient Nuragic civilization of the Island of Sardinia, Italy has been analyzed by combining X-ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy (XRF)withMonte Carlo simulations using the XRMC code. The “Cesta” had been discovered probably in the XVIII centurywith the first graphic representation reported around 1761. In a later draft (dated 1764), the basket has been depicted as being carried upside-down on the shoulder of a large bronze warrior Barthélemy (1761), Pinza (1901),Winckelmann (1776) . The two pictorial representations differed only by the presence of handles in the most recent one. XRF measurements revealed that the handles of the object are composed by brass while the other parts are composed by bronze suggesting the handles as being a later addition to the original object. The artifact is covered at its surface by a fairly thick corrosion patina. In order to determine the bronze bulk composition without the need for removing the outer patina, the artifact has been modeled as a two layer object in Monte Carlo simulations.
URI: doi:10.1016/j.sab.2016.04.007
Type: article
Appears in Collections:HERCULES - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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