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Title: Toxicological assessment of novel green biocides for cultural heritage.
Authors: Silva, Mara
Salvador, Cátia
Candeias, M Fátima
Teixeira, Dora
Candeias, António
Caldeira, A Teresa
Keywords: Biodegradation/biodeterioration
Issue Date: 2016
Citation: Mara Silva, Cátia Salvador, M. Fátima Candeias, Dora Teixeira, António Candeias, Ana Teresa Caldeira (2016) Toxicological assessment of novel green biocides for cultural heritage. Int j conserv sci 7, SI1, 2016: 265-272
Abstract: The damaging of buildings and monuments by biological contamination is a cause of serious concern. Biocides based on chemical toxic compounds have been used to mitigate this problem. However, in the past decade many of the most effective biocides have been banned due to their environmental and health hazards. Therefore, proper remediation actions for microbiologically contaminated historic materials based on environmentally safe solution is of vital importance. Bacillus species are emerging as a promising alternative for built heritage treatment. They produce a great diversity of secondary metabolites with biological activity, well known to possess antagonistic activities against many fungal pathogens. In order to evaluate the antifungal activity of the novel biocides produced in our laboratory by cultures of selected bacterial strains, liquid interaction assays using four biodeteriogenic fungi were achieved, revealing a nearly 100% of inhibitory capacity to fungal proliferation. To confirm their effective safe toxicological properties, in vivo tests using two different biological models were performed. The lyophilized supernatant of the Bacillus culture broth showed no lethality against brine shrimp and also no toxicological effects in Swiss mice through administration of acute dose of 5000 mg/kg by oral gavage. In fact, the bioactive compounds were no lethal at the tested dose unlike Preventol® (commercial biocide) that induced acute toxicity with 10 times minor concentration dose administrated in the same conditions. Therefore, the new bioactive compounds that suppress growth of biodeteriogenic fungi on historical artworks, presenting at the same time no toxicity against other living organisms, constituting an efficient and green safe solution for biodegradation/biodeterioration treatment of Cultural Heritage.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:QUI - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica
HERCULES - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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