Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title: ||Besnoitia besnoiti impact on fertility of cattle exploited in mediterranean pastures (Alentejo).|
|Authors: ||Cortes, Helder|
Chagas e Silva, J.
|Issue Date: ||2006|
|Publisher: ||Wageningen Academic Press Publishers, The Netherlands|
|Abstract: ||Besnoitia besnoiti is a bovine parasite endemic in many tropical and subtropical areas whose
prevalence in the Mediterranean countries such as Portugal seems to be increasing. Most infections
are mild or subclinical, characterized by the formation of numerous cutaneous and sub-cutaneous
microcysts, lowering the quality of skins for the leather industry. Male sterility or impaired fertility is
a common sequela in breeding bulls, and is one of the most negative aspects of the disease in animals
that survive infection. Our objective was to investigate if asymptomatic Besnoitiosis leads to bovine
infertility, by comparing seminal parameters pre and post-thawing, in vitro fertilization (IVF) and
embryo rates between asymptomatic infected (n=3) and uninfected (n=5) bulls, exploited in an extensive
production system in Alentejo-Portugal. Skin biopsies were submitted to histopathological analyses
to identify B. besnoiti cysts in sires. Semen was collected by electroejaculation and sperm quality
parameters before cryopreservation and after thawing were analyzed using ANOVA. The quality of
semen collected from asymptomatic infected and uninfected bulls presented no differences before
cryopreservation. From all the post-thawed sperm quality parameters (motility and hypoosmotic
swelling test; post-swim-up motility, activity, concentration and agglutination; fertilization and embryo
rates) evaluated, only post-thawed (51.0±36.3 vs. 42.3±10.6%, P£0.05) and post-swim-up
(36.3±18.8 vs 25.1±12.0 %, P£0.009) motility were significantly different between asymptomatic
infected and uninfected bulls, respectively.
Semen from asymptomatic Besnoitia besnoiti infected bulls may maintain fertilization ability.
However the presence of these animals in herds represents a risk of spreading the disease leading to
further economic losses.|
|Appears in Collections:||MED - Artigos em Livros de Actas/Proceedings|
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.