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Title: Induction of haploid morphogenic calluses from in vitro cultured anthers
Authors: Peixe, Augusto
Barroso, João
Potes, Amely
Pais, Maria
Keywords: androgenesis, apricot, flow cytometry, haploidization, stone fruits
Issue Date: 2004
Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers
Abstract: Apricot (Prunus armeniaca) ‘Harcot’ anthers were cultured in vitro for the production of haploid plants. The best androgenic response was achieved with Nitsch and Nitsch (1969) medium, supplemented with 4.52 microM 2,4-D, 4.52 micoM zeatin, 2.85 microM IAA and 40 g l−1 sucrose. Cultures were maintained in the dark for 8 days, at 28 ◦C, followed by transfer to a 16-h photoperiod, with 35 micro mm−2 s−1 light intensity and 24/22 ◦C day/night temperature. The androgenic response was correlated with the floral bud size, its phenologic stage and the level of microspore evolution. Anthers containing microspores at the tetrade/uninucleate stage were the most appropriate. The ploidy level of the calluses was evaluated by flow cytometry revealing that they range from haploid to octaploid. Mixoploid calluses have also been identified. Histological studies showed that the haploid calluses have their origin in the microspores. Nodular structures consisting of cells with dense cytoplasm and differentiated xylem elements were observed and were surrounded by an auto-fluorescent layer, probably due to cutin deposition.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:FIT - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica
MED - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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