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Title: Thermal conductivity and thermal diffusivity of cores from a 26 meter deep borehole drilled in Livingston Island, Maritime Antarctic
Authors: Correia, António
Vieira, Gonçalo
Ramos, Miguel
Editors: Guglielmin, Mauro
Keywords: Thermal conductivity
Thermal diffusivity
Livingston Island
Antarctica Peninsula
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: During the month of January of 2008 a borehole (Permamodel-Gulbenkian 1 — PG1) 26 m deep was drilled on the top of Mount Reina Sofia (275 m a.s.l.) near the Spanish Antarctic Station of Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands. Cores from1.5 mto about 26mdeepwere collected formeasuring several physical properties. The objective of the present work is to report the values of the thermal conductivity and the thermal diffusivity that were measured in the cores fromthe borehole and the heat production thatwas estimated for the geological formations intercepted by it. Seven coreswere selected to measure the thermal conductivity and the thermal diffusivity. The measured values for the thermal conductivity vary from2.6W/mK to 3.3 W/mKwhile the measured values for the thermal diffusivity vary from 1.1×10−6 m2/s to 1.6×10−6 m2/s. Both thermal conductivity and thermal diffusivity, on average, show a slight increase with depth. Average heat production was also estimated for two portions of the borehole: one from2 to 12mand the other from12 to 25 m. A gamma-ray spectrometer was used to estimate the concentrations of uranium, thorium, and potassium of the cores, from which the heat production per unit volume was calculated. The estimated heat production for the first half of the borehole is 2.218 μW/m3 while for the second half it is 2.173 μW/m3; these heat production values are compatiblewith acidic rock types. Porosity and density were also estimated for the same cores.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:CGE - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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