Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10174/28448

Title: Policy and governance innovation in agricultural landscapes: recent trends and future pathways towards enhanced sustainability and food security.
Authors: Muñoz-Rojas, José
Pinto-Correia, Teresa
Mata Olmo, Rafael
Loupa Ramos, Isabel
Kristensen, Lone
Keywords: Governance
agricultural landscapes
Issue Date: 5-Jul-2019
Publisher: IALE- International Association of Landscape Ecology
Citation: Muñoz-Rojas, J. Pinto-Correia, T., Mata Olmo, R., Loupa Ramos, I., & L. Kristensen. Policy and governance innovation in agricultural landscapes: recent trends and future pathways towards enhanced sustainability and food security.In: IALE 2019 Abstracts. pp. 664.
Abstract: Agriculture occupied in 2017 37.265 % of worldwide land surface, down from 39.47 % in 1991 (World Bank, 2018). Alas, its regional distribution and trends largely differs (World Bank, 2018), with a maximum of 43.5 % in the European Union in 2015 (yet down from 1961) and a minimum of 13.4 % in Pacific Islands Small States in the same year (yet up from 1961). Especially problematic is the regional miss-match between the “developed” regions where agriculture is increasing its efficiency and capacity to feed their own (largely stagnating) populations with high-quality food, and others (“developing”) where population is exponentially growing and largely lacking access to healthy, affordable and sustainable food. Furthermore, agricultural land is embedded in wider agricultural-dominated (rural and peri-urban) landscape mosaics that are currently undergoing shifts of unprecedented magnitude and complexity driven by changes in socio-economic, environmental and cultural conditions at scales that range from the farm to the global. This is all central to political, geo-strategic and social debates currently dominating the global arena, including: climate change, sustainability and food security. Alas, it also directly contributes to relevant discussions about the empowerment of local and regional actors in the face of globalization, the largely unresolved trade-offs and tensions between food production and environmental conservation, and between productivist and post- productivist approaches to agricultural production. These are all points that are commonly discussed on the policy and science arenas, whilst some other key points remain (so-far) relatively untouched. Amongst the latter, deeper and more critical insights are required on the complex dynamics of change, and generic lack of innovation, in the intricate and multi-scale framework of governance and policy instruments that drive decisions in agricultural landscapes. When addressing agricultural landscapes, most policy and governance approaches focus on food production and rural development and on how these are positioned to tackle the aforementioned global challenges. Nevertheless, by restricting the view point to this set of policies as pivotal and yet isolated pieces, we are missing the full picture of the processes of changes, including interactions with policies and governance models from other sectors (e.g. conservation) and better insights into the wider rural landscape that use a different kind of rationale. For instance, agricultural policies build on a voluntary menu-based structure of financial incentives, whereas spatial planning and environmental policies are based on restrictions of uses and practices, thus rendering their mutual integration virtually impossible. In response to such challenges, this session aims to combine theoretical arguments and empirical cases of policy and governance innovation around the world can help disentangle the potential of agricultural landscapes to help advance sustainability and food security. More specifically, we expect that each presentation will address at least one of the following three points in the symposium: • Identification of key aspects of policy and governance innovation of relevance for agricultural landscapes (e.g. policy integration, improved public participatory procedures and standards….) • Insights into how such innovation processes can help tackle more efficiently globally relevant challenges related to agriculture (climate change, food security and biodiversity conservation…). • Regional and local case-study examples of good practices in governance and policy innovation for agricultural landscape sustainability and improved food security.
URI: https://iale2019.unimib.it/proposed-symposia/symposium_53/
http://hdl.handle.net/10174/28448
Type: lecture
Appears in Collections:GEO - Comunicações - Em Congressos Científicos Internacionais

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