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Title: Zannichellia contorta
Authors: García Murillo, Pablo
Lansdown, Richard
Carapeto, André
Pinto-Cruz, Carla
Ríos Ruiz, S
Fraga i Arquimbau, Pere
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
Citation: García Murillo, P.G., Lansdown, R.V., Carapeto, A., Pinto Cruz, C., Ríos Ruiz, S. & Fraga i Arquimbau, P. 2018. Zannichellia contorta. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T175291A21314962.
Abstract: This species is native to southern, central and eastern Spain, with an old record from the Atlas Mountains in northern Morocco requiring confirmation. The species is very sensitive to eutrophication and deterioration of water quality. The Area of Occupancy (AOO) has been estimated to be less than 500 km2 based on confirmed records and knowledge that its habitat is in continuous decline and at least 40% of the known localities have disappeared, especially in southern Spain. Moreover, an ongoing continuing decline in AOO, habitat quality and number of subpopulations of this species due to the increase in nutrients concentration from waters of the streams where it lives, which stops its growth, has been observed. The same process of habitat deterioration is happening in central and eastern Spain. The population of this species is severely fragmented with more than half of its subpopulations being isolated with no exchange possibilities and suspected to have reached no viable levels. It therefore qualifies to be listed in the category Endangered (EN B2ab(ii,iii,iv)) in the Mediterranean region. Resource and habitat protection and site management are needed. Other recommended conservation measures are ex situ conservation, population and distribution research, and habitat and population monitoring.
ISSN: 2307-8235
Type: article
Appears in Collections:MED - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica
BIO - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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