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Title: Consequences of Starbursts for the Interstellar and Intergalactic Medium
Authors: Breitschwerdt, Dieter
Avillez, Miguel de
Dorfi, Erneste
Editors: Torres, Diego
Reimer, Olaf
Keywords: Cosmic rays
Intergalactic medium
Interstellar Medium
Non-equilibrium ionisation
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Citation: Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings Volume 34, 2013, pp 91-114
Abstract: Star formation in general, and starbursts in particular, drive the evolution of galaxies. To understand the process of galactic matter cycle quantitatively, it is absolutely necessary to follow the evolution of the components of the interstellar medium, such as gas, magnetic fields, cosmic rays in detail over sufficiently long time scales. Due to the non-linearity of the interactions between the various components, and the turbulent nature of the plasma, high resolution numerical simulations offer the best strategy to further our understanding. The results of our numerical studies can be summarized as follows: (i) Supernova explosions are the most important energy input sources in the ISM and lead to a high level of turbulence in the plasma, coupling structures on all scales, (ii) more than half of the disk mass resides in classically thermally unstable temperature regimes, (iii) turbulent mixing is the dominant energy transport process over a wide range of scales, (iv) proportionality between magnetic field and density is generally weak, except for the densest regions, (v) magnetic fields, even if they are parallel to the galactic disk, cannot prevent outflow into the halo, (vi) the ionization structure of the plasma depends on its thermal history, and is in general not in collisional ionization equilibrium, (vii) the cooling function varies in space and time, (viii) X-rays can be emitted even at plasma temperatures of the order of 104K due to delayed recombination, both in the disk and the halo, (ix) cosmic rays can help driving a galactic wind, (x) cosmic rays can be accelerated to high energies beyond 1015eV (the “knee”) in long lived shocks propagating into the galactic halo, because of time-dependent star formation.
ISBN: 978-3-642-35409-0
Type: bookPart
Appears in Collections:MAT - Publicações - Capítulos de Livros

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