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Title: The corrosion resistance of two non-noble alloys
Authors: Capelo, Sofia
Fernandes, JCS
Proença, L
Fonseca, ITE
Keywords: dental alloys
Remanium 2000+
ions release
galvanic couples
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Sociedade Portuguesa de Materiais
Citation: Sofia Capelo, J.C.S. Fernandes, L. Proença, I.T.E. Fonseca, The corrosion resistance of two non-noble alloys, European Corrosion Congress, Eurocorr 2013, Estoril, 2-5 September 2013.
Abstract: Nickel-chromium and cobalt-chromium alloys are commonly used for crown and bridge castings. These non-noble dental alloys are much cheaper than noble dental alloys but on the other hand they have disadvantages related to their lower corrosion resistance and corrosion products (released ions), some of them recognized as toxic ions that may cause allergies and other oral pathologies. Therefore it is important to evaluate the corrosion behaviour of such alloys. This study aims to evaluate the electrochemical corrosion behaviour of two non- noble dental alloys per si and when coupled to an amalgam (Dispersalloy ®). The study was conducted in artificial saliva, pH 7.1, at 37˚C, by linear sweep voltammetry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and chronoamperometry. The Rp values of the two non-noble dental alloys lie in the range of 103-104 Ω cm2. Data from Eocp curves, linear polarization resistance, Tafel plots and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy lead to the same order for the resistance against corrosion of the two non-noble dental alloys in artificial saliva. Values of the icouple of 1.0 and 1.1 μA cm-2 and of the Ecouple -0.121 and -0.177 V vs. Ag|AgCl, respectively, were obtained for the two of the non-noble alloys when coupled to the Dispersalloy ®. The amount of ions released into the artificial saliva, during 25 days, was measured by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (ICP–AES) and the surface morphology and composition of the samples was observed by scanning electron microscopy coupled to energy dispersive spectroscopy (SEM-EDS). The electrochemical behaviour of the alloys object of this study will be compared with that of the noble alloys, already studied by the authors, under identical experimental conditions [1]. [1] C. Solá, A. Amorim, Á. Espías, S. Capelo, J. Fernandes, L. Proença, L. Sanchez, I. Fonseca, Int. J. Electrochem. Sci., 7 (2013) 406 - 420
ISBN: 978-989-8601-31-5
Type: lecture
Appears in Collections:PAO - Comunicações - Em Congressos Científicos Internacionais

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