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Title: Structure and conformation of HIV fusion inhibitor peptide T-1249 in presence of model membranes: A molecular dynamics study
Authors: Martins do Canto, António Manuel teixeira
Carvalho, Alfredo Jorge Palace
Ramalho, João Paulo Prates
Loura, Luís Miguel Santos
Keywords: AIDS
Lipid bilayer
Lipid–peptide interaction
Molecular simulations
Issue Date: 30-Apr-2010
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: [1] A.M.T.M. do Canto, A.J.P. Carvalho, J.P.P. Ramalho, L.M.S. Loura, Structure and conformation of HIV fusion inhibitor peptide T-1249 in presence of model membranes: A molecular dynamics study, J Mol Struc-Theochem, 946 (2010) 119-124.
Abstract: Fusion of the HIV envelope with the target cell membrane is a critical step of viral entry into the target cell. Several peptides based on the C-region of HIV gp41 protein have been used in clinical trials as possible HIV fusion inhibitors, this way controlling the progression of the infection. Some of them interact strongly with ordered membranes, which could be linked to their effectiveness. In this way, extensive molecular dynamics simulations (100 ns) were carried out to investigate the structure, conformational behavior and dynamics of HIV fusion inhibitor peptide T-1249 in water and in the presence of bilayers of 1-palmitoyl-2-oleyl-phosphatidylcholine (POPC) and POPC–cholesterol (1:1). Peptide properties such as secondary structure, degree of membrane interaction and rotational and translational dynamics were analyzed. It was found that the peptide has a helical conformation in solution. It adsorbs readily to the membrane surface and remains tightly bound, with highly impeded rotational motion, keeping the helical structure. Whereas very limited penetration is observed in POPC, in the ordered POPC/cholesterol system the peptide just rests on top of the headgroup region of the bilayer, parallel to the surface. These results are rationalized in relation to recent experimental observations.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:QUI - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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