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Title: Origin of the Local Bubble
Authors: Fuchs, Burkhard
Breitschwerdt, Dieter
de Avillez, Miguel
Dettbarn, Christian
Keywords: Open clusters and associations: Sco OB2
ISM: local bubble
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2009
Publisher: Springer
Abstract: We present a new unbiased search for OB associations in the Solar neighbourhood which have hosted the progenitor stars of the core collapse supernovae responsible for the Local Bubble in the interstellar gas. For this purpose we have analyzed a volume complete set (with a diameter of 400 pc) of B stars drawn from the Hipparcos catalogue and the Arivel data base, from which candidate members were selected by a kinematical criterion. After careful dereddening the star colours we have constructed a colour-magnitude diagram and confirmed that the Upper Scorpius, Upper Centaurus Lupus, and Lower Centaurus Crux subgroups of the Sco OB2 association are the youngest nearby OB associations. We dated their ages with theoretical isochrones in the range of 20–30 Myr, in agreement with previous work. We have traced backwards in time the paths of the stars and found that they entered the volume of the present bubble at 10 to 15 Myr ago. We argue that the Local Bubble began to form then and estimate that 14 to 20 supernovae have exploded since. The implied energy input into the ambient medium can be shown to be sufficient to excavate a bubble of the presently observed size.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:MAT - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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