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|Title: ||Valorization of glycerol into bio-fuel additives by condensation with acetone over tungstophosphoric acid immobilized in SBA-15|
|Authors: ||Carlota, Suse|
|Editors: ||López Granados, M|
|Issue Date: ||2-Jan-2011|
|Publisher: ||Facultad de Ciencias de la Universidad de Málaga|
|Abstract: ||The condensation of glycerol with acetone was carried out using dodecatungstophosphoric acid (PW) immobilized in SBA-15, at 70ºC. The main product of glycerol acetalisation was solketal.
A series of catalysts, with different heteropolyacid loading (from 1.8 to 10.2 wt. %) were prepared. It was observed that the catalytic activity increases with the amount of PW immobilized in SBA-15, being the PW4-SBA-15 (with 10.8 wt. %) the most active sample.
All catalyst exhibited good values of selectivity to solketal (about 99% near complete conversion).
Catalytic stability of the PW4-SBA-15 was evaluated by performing consecutive batch runs with the same catalyst sample. It was observed that, after the third use, the catalytic activity stabilized. It was also observed a small leaching of heteropolyacid from SBA-15 to acetone.|
|Appears in Collections:||QUI - Artigos em Livros de Actas/Proceedings|
CQE - Artigos em Livros de Actas/Proceedings
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