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|Title: ||Simulations of strong ground motion in SW Iberia for the 1969 February 28 (Ms = 8.0) and the 1755 November 1 (M~ 8.5) earthquakes - II. Strong ground motion simulations|
|Authors: ||Grandin, Raphaël|
Borges, José Fernando
|Keywords: ||Iberian region|
strong ground motion
|Issue Date: ||2007|
|Publisher: ||Wiley - Geophysical Journal International|
|Citation: ||Grandin, Raphaël; Borges, José Fernando; Bezzeghoud, Mourad; Caldeira, Bento; Carrilho, Fernando. Simulations of strong ground motion in SW Iberia for the 1969 February 28 (Ms = 8.0) and the 1755 November 1 (M~ 8.5) earthquakes - II. Strong ground motion simulations , Geophysical Journal International, 171, 2, 807-822, 2007.|
|Abstract: ||This is the second paper of a series of two concerning strong ground motion in SW Iberia due to earthquakes originating from the adjacent Atlantic area. The aim of this paper is to use the velocity model that was proposed and validated in the companion paper for seismic intensity modelling of the 1969 (Ms = 8.0) and 1755 (M = 8.5–8.7) earthquakes.
First, we propose a regression to convert simulated values of Peak Ground Velocity (PGV) into Modified Mercalli Intensity (MMI) in SW Iberia, and using this regression, we build synthetic isoseismal maps for a large (Ms = 8.0) earthquake that occurred in 1969. Based on information on the seismic source provided by various authors, we show that the velocity model effectively reproduces macroseismic observations in the whole region.We also confirm that seismic intensity distribution is very sensitive to a small number of source parameters: rupture directivity, fault strike and fault dimensions. Then, we extrapolate the method to the case of the great (M = 8.5–8.7) 1755 earthquake, for a series of hypotheses recently proposed by three authors about the location of the epicentral region. The model involving a subductionrelated rupture in the Gulf of C´adiz results in excessive ground motion in northern Morocco, suggesting that the source of the 1755 earthquake should be located further west. A rupture along thewestern coast of Portugal, compatible with an activation of the passivewestern Iberian margin, would imply a relatively low average slip, which, alone, would could not account for the large tsunami observed in the whole northern Atlantic ocean. A seismic source located below the Gorringe Bank seems the most likely since it is more efficient in reproducing the distribution of high intensities in SW Iberia due to the 1755 earthquake.|
|Appears in Collections:||FIS - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Sem Arbitragem Científica|
CGE - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Sem Arbitragem Científica
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