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Title: Assessment of Water Consumers Literacy
Authors: Fernandes, Ana
Figueiredo, Margarida
Chaves, Humberto
Neves, José
Vicente, Henrique
Editors: Balaji, Etikala
Veeraswamy, Golla
Mannala, Prasad
Madhav, Sughosh
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence
Artificial Neural Networks
Sustainable Use of Water
Water Literacy Assessment
Water Management
Water Quality
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: Springer
Citation: Fernandes, A., Figueiredo, M., Chaves, H., Neves, J. & Vicente, H., Assessment of Water Consumers Literacy. In E. Balaji, G. Veeraswamy, P. Mannala & S. Madhav, Eds., Emerging Technologies for Water Supply, Conservation and Management, pp. 1–27, Springer, Cham, Switzerland, 2023.
Abstract: Nowadays, an increasing amount of water is used without the awareness that this resource is not inexhaustible. In fact, pollution, environmental degradation and/or climate change caused by human activities lead to the degradation of the quality of available water. In 2015, the United Nations warned about the risk of reaching a water deficit of 40%, in 2030, if consumption patterns are not changed. Indeed, population growth is one of the main causes for this deficit. The protection and sustainable consumption of water is one of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals, to ensure that the world’s population has access to clean water, free from pollution and managed responsibly. Thus, governments and non-governmental organizations must promote the conscious and informed use of water by the population. It is mandatory that the population becomes aware of the need for efficient management of water resources, ensuring their quality and preventing their degradation, in order to not compromise/jeopardize their future availability. The knowledge of the population’s literacy on water issues and on water quality—health interconnections is essential to design plans leading to the implementation of eco-sustainable practices. The goal of this research was to evaluate the literacy of water consumers and to establish a forecast model for water literacy managing. The collection of information was conducted through the inquiry by questionnaire technique and applied on a cohort encompassing 453 participants. The questionnaire includes three main dimensions (Water Quality, Disease Prevention and Sustainability/Public Health Promotion) and in each dimension, four competencies were evaluated (obtain, understand, assess and apply information regarding water consumption). The results obtained allow to assert that in the two first dimensions, the competence in which participants show more difficulty is assess. Regarding the Sustainability/Public Health Promotion,the participants show more difficulty in the competence apply. The model presented in this research, grounded on the connectionist paradigm, has shown great efficiency in the forecast of the target variable. The key contribution of the present research is to present an integrated and systematic approach that can give a contribution to the increase of water literacy, which allows the implementation of eco-sustainable practices.
ISBN: 978-3-031-35278-2 (paper)
978-3-031-35279-9 (eBook)
Type: bookPart
Appears in Collections:LAVQ-REQUIMTE - Publicações - Capítulos de Livros
QUI - Publicações - Capítulos de Livros

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