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Title: Comparison of the climatic conditions and tomato crop productivity in Mediterranean greenhouses under two different natural ventilation management systems
Authors: Baptista, F.J.
Abreu, P.E
Meneses, J.F.
Bailey, B.J.
Keywords: natural ventilation
environmental control
Issue Date: 2001
Citation: BAPTISTA FJ, ABREU PE, MENESES JF e BAILEY BJ. 2001. Comparison of the climatic conditions and tomato crop productivity in Mediterranean greenhouses under two different natural ventilation management systems. Paper nº 3006, Proc. of the Simposium Agribuilding 2001, Campinas, Brasil, 112-124.
Abstract: This study was based on experiments with a tomato crop, carried out in two Mediterranean unheated greenhouses, located at the Instituto Superior of Agronomia, Lisbon. The main objective was to compare the behaviour of internal air parameters such as air temperature and relative humidity and the likelihood of condensation on the greenhouse cover in two greenhouses with different management of natural ventilation. The influence of the internal climate on plant development and productivity was also determined by the number of opened flowers and set fruits per truss, and also the harvest rate. One greenhouse had permanent ventilation (PV) during the day and night while the other had classical ventilation (CV), in which the vents were closed during the night and open during the day. During the growing season, measurements were made of dry and wet bulb air temperatures, plastic cover temperature, plant temperature, global radiation, PAR radiation, soil temperature and wind speed, and recorded using a data logger. Also, information on the evolution of the crop was recorded. Internal air temperature, relative humidity and water vapour pressure deficit data were analysed and compared between the two greenhouses. Dew point temperature was computed and compared with the plastic cover temperature to find out if, and when, condensation occurred. Ventilation rates were estimated and related to internal air conditions. he relative humidity was lower in the PV greenhouse during the night due to the higher ventilation rate. Condensation on the plastic cover was more severe in the CV greenhouse and inversions of the air temperature were also more frequent. Lethally low temperatures did not occur in either of the greenhouses. The PV greenhouse had a higher tomato fruit production but this difference was not statistically significant. On the CV greenhouse the harvest started one week earlier due to heat accumulation after closing the vents in the afternoon.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:MED - Artigos em Livros de Actas/Proceedings
ERU - Artigos em Livros de Actas/Proceedings

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