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Title: Widespread hybridization between Invasive bleak (Alburnus alburnus) and Iberian chub (Squalius spp.): A neglected conservation threat
Authors: Curto, M.
Morgado-Santos, M.
Alexandre, C.M.
Alves, M.J.
Gante, H.F.
Gkenas, C.
Medeiros, J.P.
Pinheiro, P.J.
Almeida, P.R.
Magalhães, M.F.
Ribeiro, F.
Keywords: biological invasions
reproductive effort
endemic species
freshwater diversity
genetic integrity
Issue Date: Sep-2022
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Curto, M.; M. Morgado-Santos, C.M. Alexandre, M.J. Alves, H.F. Gante, C. Gkenas, J.P. Medeiros, P.J. Pinheiro, P.R. Almeida, M.F. Magalhães & F. Ribeiro (2022). Widespread hybridization between Invasive bleak (Alburnus alburnus) and Iberian chub (Squalius spp.): A neglected conservation threat. Fishes 7, 247.
Abstract: Hybridization between native and nonnative fish species is a major conservation issue, especially in ecosystems with high levels of endemism, such as Iberian streams. To date, hybridization with the invasive bleak Alburnus alburnus has been reported for the Iberian chub Squalius alburnoides and S. pyrenaicus and in scattered locations only. However, the bleak is spreading in the region, potentially increasing the risks of hybridization with other Squalius species. To gather a more comprehensive picture on the current geography of hybridization, we compiled records on hybrids between bleak and chub in Portugal and conducted genetical assessments of hybrids between bleak and S. carolitertii. We found that hybridization with bleak is widespread throughout Portuguese river basins and involves at least S. alburnoides, S. pyrenaicus and S. carolitertii. Hybridization with bleak may not only cause waste of reproductive effort and damage the genetic integrity of these endemic species but also promote shifts in the reproductive dynamics of the S. alburnoides hybrid complex, which includes individuals with various ploidy levels and combinations of parental genomes, reproducing sexually and asexually. We recommend that future studies characterize the fitness of bleak hybrids and their ecological and genetic interactions with native fish, in order to design effective conservation measures.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:BIO - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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