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Title: Water sediment physicochemical dynamics in a large reservoir in the Mediterranean region under multiple stressors
Authors: Palma, Patrícia
Penha, Maria Alexandra
Novais, Maria Helena
Fialho, Sofia
Lima, Ana
Mourinha, C
Alvarenga, Paula
Rosado, Anabela
Iakunin, Maxim
Rodrigues, Gonçalo
Potes, Miguel
Costa, Maria João
Morais, Manuela
Salgado, Rui
Keywords: LULC
water quality
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2021
Citation: Palma, P., Penha, A., Novais, M.H., Fialho, S., Lima, A., Mourinha, C., Alvarenga, P., Rosado, A., Iakunin, M., Rodrigues, G., Potes, M., Costa, M.J., Morais, M., Salgado, R. 2021. Water sediment physicochemical dynamics in a large reservoir in the Mediterranean region under multiple stressors. 2nd International Scientific Conference on Ecological and Environmental Engineering. 30 June - 1 July. Wrocław (Poland). (Plataforma Zoom). pg. 117
Abstract: Nowadays, the Mediterranean freshwater systems face the threat of water scarcity, along with other multiple stressors (e.g. organic and inorganic contamination, geomorphological alterations, invasive species), leading to the impairment of their ecosystem services. All these stressors have been speeding up, due to climate variability and land cover/ land use changes, turning them into a big challenge for the water management plans. The present study analyses the physicochemical and phytoplankton biomass (chlorophyll-a) dynamics of a large reservoir, in the Mediterranean region (Alqueva reservoir, Southern Portugal), under diverse meteorological conditions and land cover/land use real scenarios (2017 and 2018). The most important stressors were identified and the necessary tools and information for a more effective management plan were provided. Changes in these parameters were further related to the observed variations in the meteorological conditions and in the land cover/land use. The increase of nutrients and ions in the water column were more obvious in periods of severe drought. Further, the enhancement of nutrients concentrations, potentially caused by the intensification of agricultural activities, may indicate an increased risk of water eutrophication (see Figure 1). The results provide information to the decision-makers, to build strategies on how to avoid a higher deterioration of the water quality in the Alqueva reservoir, induced by interacting and synergistic effects of climate change and LULC management. It is essential to promote the sustainability of LULC, with the control of agriculture areas in the basin and the implementation of sustainable environmental management practices. In fact, the adaptation solutions based on LULC changes would seem the most effective to address reservoir water quality issues, and therefore territorial planning can play an important role in adaptation and mitigation in this region.
Type: lecture
Appears in Collections:ICT - Comunicações - Em Congressos Científicos Internacionais

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