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Title: Multi-element profiles as a fingerprint to discriminate estuarine R. philippinarum populations.
Authors: Vieira, Soraia
Barrulas, Pedro
Chainho, Paula
Dias, Cristina
Sroczynska, Katarzyna
Adão, Helena
Keywords: Multi-elements
R. philippinarum
Sado estuary
Issue Date: 6-Sep-2021
Publisher: ECSA, Elsevier
Citation: Vieira S., Barrulas,P., Chainho, P., Dias , C., Sroczyńska, K., Adão H., 2021. Multi-element profiles as a fingerprint to discriminate estuarine R. philippinarum populations. ECSA&EMECS13, Estuaries and Coastal Seas in the Anthropocene. 6-9 september, Elsevier, Hull, United the Kingdom
Abstract: Filter-feeder bivalves such as non-indigenous Ruditapes philippinarum absorb and accumulate metals, resulting in multi-element signatures. The goal of this study was to analyse if multi-element profiles of R. philippinarum can discriminate between spatial and temporal patterns of estuarine bivalves’ populations. Spatial and temporal variability patterns of chemical profiles were assessed by collecting samples of R. philippinarum and sediment at i) three sites with different environmental and physiological conditions of clams, ii) located within two Portuguese estuaries (Tagus and Sado estuaries) and iii) sampled at three different occasions (May 2018, January 2019, May 2019). This sampling design hypothesized that there are significant differences in the bivalves’ chemical profiles between estuaries, among sampling sites and among sampling occasions. The chemical elements were categorized according to the estuarine geomorphology sources (Se,Co, Ni and Cu), elements with function in metabolic processes of the clams (Mn, Fe, Zn and Cr) and elements derived from the anthropogenic inputs (As, Pb and Cd). The multielement concentrations of clams’ soft tissues and sediments were obtained using a powerful analytical technique, ICP-MS (inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry). Multivariate differences were tested in multi-element concentrations of bivalves’ soft tissues and sediments. Results revealed that Zn, Co, Ni and Pb were the main contributors for the chemical signatures of Tagus estuary populations, whilst for the Sado estuary populations were Cu, Fe, Cr, As and Cd. These elements were representative of all elemental categories and proved to be spatial and temporal habitat discriminators of bivalves’ estuarine populations. The multi-element signatures of R. philippinarum as a natural tag derived from the physical and chemical conditions of its habitat can be considered as a potential rapid tool for ecological biomonitoring and habitat assessment, accounting for spatial and temporal habitat differences of estuarine populations.
Type: lecture
Appears in Collections:MARE-UE - Comunicações - Em Congressos Científicos Internacionais
BIO - Comunicações - Em Congressos Científicos Internacionais

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