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Title: Occurrence of marine litter along abyssal areas of the Gloria Fracture Zone (NE Atlantic).
Authors: Ramalho, S.
Ferreira, T.
Hensen, C.
Terrinha, P.
Schmidt, M.
Sroczynska, K.
Adão, H.
Keywords: marine litter
Gloria Fracture Zone
NE Atlantic
Issue Date: 12-Sep-2021
Publisher: 16th DSBS Deep-Sea Biology Symposium
Citation: Ramalho,S., Ferreira,T., Hensen,C., Terrinha,P., Schmidt,M., Müller, T. Sroczynska, K., Adão, H. 2021. Occurrence of marine litter along abyssal areas of the Gloria Fracture Zone (NE Atlantic). 16th DSBS Deep-Sea Biology Symposium, Brest, 12-17 September, France
Abstract: Marine litter pollution is a recognized form of anthropogenic disturbance that affects widely the marine environment, particularly near the continental margins, although also present at abyssal and bathyal depths. This study reports the occurrence of marine litter distribution and abundance in four abyssal basins along the Gloria fracture zone in the NE Atlantic. Litter items occurrences were analysed using TV-CTD video surveys carried out during the multidisciplinary activities of the R/V Meteor M162 cruise. The surveys reached depths between 3500-4500m and covered 16 km of seafloor, between the Terceira ridge and the Madeira-Tore Rise. Litter items were annotated and categorized by type (i.e., plastic, fishing gear, metal, glass, other unknown items). Results revealed that litter was exclusively found on soft sediment habitats across all areas, i.e. depositional areas, with the overwhelming dominance of plastics items (71%), such as plastic containers, cups and bag fragments. Although less common (6-8%), metal, glass and lost fishing gear were also observed. Litter density was on average 9 times higher in the easternmost area near the Madeira-Tore ridge, when compared to the other areas. Higher litter densities are likely explained due to the proximity to the Madeira-Tore seamount complex targeted by the fishing industry and nearimportant corridors of marine traffic between various Atlantic and Mediterranean locations.
Type: lecture
Appears in Collections:MARE-UE - Comunicações - Em Congressos Científicos Internacionais
BIO - Comunicações - Em Congressos Científicos Internacionais

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