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|Title: ||(Mis)match between higher education supply and labour market needs: evidence from Portugal|
|Authors: ||Olo, Daniela|
|Issue Date: ||Sep-2021|
|Citation: ||Olo, D., Correia, L., Rego, C. (2021). (Mis)match between higher education supply and labour market needs: evidence from Portugal, Higher Education, Skills and Work-Based Learning, ISSN: 2042-3896, DOI: 10.1108/HESWBL-02-2021-0032.|
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to analyse whether there is an adjustment between the Portuguese
higher education supply and the needs of the labour market.
Design/methodology/approach – An empirical study is performed, using a quantitative approach, relating
the job offers for graduates registered at the employment centres and the number of graduates by higher
education institutions (HEIs) in Portugal, at an aggregate level and NUT II regions, by areas of education and
training, over the 2003–2018 period. To understand how job offers and graduates are correlated, bilateral
Spearman’s rank correlation coefficients were calculated.
Findings – The results show that, in large groups of educational areas, exists a match between the higher
education supply and the labourmarket needs,with an emphasis on the fields of “social sciences, business and law”,
“engineering, manufacturing and construction” and “health andwelfare”. However, at amore disaggregated level, a
mismatch in the sub-areas of “teacher training and education science” and “computing” was found since labour
market needs are much greater than graduates by HEIs and the two variables are moving in opposite directions.
Practical implications – The study has revealed important aspects that the educational policy should take
into account in order to create the conditions for a gradual adjustment to the labour market needs. Also, the
results demonstrate that some measures should be taken in short/medium term to avoid problems in the
Originality/value – One implication of this empirical study was the elaboration of a correspondence table to
standardise the data analysis units from two different sources. As this correspondence did not exist prior to this
study, this output is a relevant contribution to the research field. Another important contribution is the
demonstration of a mismatch in some educational sub-areas that deserves special attention from educational
|Appears in Collections:||CEFAGE - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica|
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