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Title: Effects of body mass index on segment coordination and joint variability in running
Authors: Fernandes, Orlando
Gonçalves, Bruno
Martin, Joel
Cortes, Nelson
Editors: Fernandes, Ricardo
Medeiros, Alexandre
Garganta, Rui
Keywords: running
inter-joint coordination
continuous relative phase
approximate entropy
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
Citation: Fernandes, O., Gonçalves, B., Martin, J., Cortes, N. (2021). Effects of body mass index on segment coordination and joint variability in running. In R. Fernades, A. I. A. Medeiros, R. Garganta (Eds), New Studies on Anthropometry (Chapter 9). Hauppauge, NY, USA: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
Abstract: Running is one of the most popular types of physical activity and can be optimised by increasing the movement patterns efficiency. Running biomechanics involves synchronous movements of the entire kinetic chain with considerable inter-individual variability in lower limb kinematics and the influence of individuals characteristics. This chapter will explore how the body mass index influences the intersegmental coordination, evaluated by lower extremity joint amplitudes used to characterise the running technique. The approach to exploring the relative intersegmental coordination was carried by computing the continuous relative phase between two joint amplitudes. The joint movement variability (measured across the entire gait cycle during running) was accessed using approximate entropy. Lower limb relative angles variability showed that overweight individuals presented moderate lower values, mainly in both rights and left knee angles. The results of continuous relative phase suggested that different body mass index affects the ankle-knee inter-joint coordination pattern during the swing phase and knee-hip during the stance phase, representing 40% of the stride phase. This approach can facilitate the assessment and understand of lower extremity joint coupling during running and provide further insight into the role of joint coupling to improve running technique and develop prevention strategies to minimize injury risk.
Type: bookPart
Appears in Collections:DES - Publicações - Capítulos de Livros

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