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Title: A spatial stream-network approach assists in managing the remnant genetic diversity of riparian forests
Authors: Rodriguez-González, Patricia
Garcia, Cristina
Albuquerque, Antonio
Monteiro-Henriques, Tiago
Faria, Carla
Guimarães, Joana
Mendonça, Diogo
Simões, Fernanda
Ferreira, Maria Teresa
Mendes, Ana
Matos, José
Almeida, Maria Helena
Editors: White, Richard
Keywords: Riparian
Issue Date: 1-May-2019
Publisher: Springer Nature
Citation: Rodríguez-González, Patrícia Maria; Garcia, Cristina; Albuquerque, António; Monteiro-Henriques, Tiago; Faria, Carla; Guimarães, Joana B.; Mendonça, Diogo; et al. 2019. "A spatial stream-network approach assists in managing the remnant genetic diversity of riparian forests".
Abstract: Quantifying the genetic diversity of riparian trees is essential to understand their chances to survive hydroclimatic alterations and to maintain their role as foundation species modulating fuvial ecosystem processes. However, the application of suitable models that account for the specifc dendritic structure of hydrographic networks is still incipient in the literature. We investigate the roles of ecological and spatial factors in driving the genetic diversity of Salix salviifolia, an Iberian endemic riparian tree, across the species latitudinal range. We applied spatial stream-network models that aptly integrate dendritic features (topology, directionality) to quantify the impacts of multiple scale factors in determining genetic diversity. Based on the drift hypothesis, we expect that genetic diversity accumulates downstream in riparian ecosystems, but life history traits (e.g. dispersal patterns) and abiotic or anthropogenic factors (e.g. drought events or hydrological alteration) might alter expected patterns. Hydrological factors explained the downstream accumulation of genetic diversity at the intermediate scale that was likely mediated by hydrochory. The models also suggested upstream gene fow within basins that likely occurred through anemophilous and entomophilous pollen and seed dispersal. Higher thermicity and summer drought were related to higher population inbreeding and individual homozygosity, respectively, suggesting that increased aridity might disrupt the connectivity and mating patterns among and within riparian populations.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:BIO - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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