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Title: Optimizing the Tending of Forest Stands with Interactive DecisionMaps to Balance the Financial Incomes and Ecological Risks According to Owner Demands: Case Study in Rakovník, the Czech Republic
Authors: Sedmak, Robert
Tucek, Jan
Levicka, Martina
Sedmakova, Denisa
Bahyl, Jan
Jusko, Vladimir
Kaspar, Jan
Marusak, Robert
Bushenkov, Vladimir
Keywords: forest tending
multi-criteria decision making
ecosystem services
post-socialist countries
Issue Date: Jul-2020
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Sedmák, R.; Tuček, J.; Levická, M.; Sedmáková, D.; Bahýľ, J.; Juško, V.; Kašpar, J.; Marušák, R.; Bushenkov, V.A. Optimizing the Tending of Forest Stands with Interactive Decision Maps to Balance the Financial Incomes and Ecological Risks according to Owner Demands: Case Study in Rakovník, the Czech Republic. Forests 2020, 11, 730.
Abstract: Sustainability and the optimal provision of the various ecosystem services is an essential task in forest management. In this study, we deal with the optimization of forest tending to achieve the maximal long-term provision of financial incomes from wood at a minimal level of ecological risks for selected small ownership unit. The methods of interactive decision maps and reasonable goals (IDM/RGM)were connected with a modern forest growth simulator to investigate the four-dimensional optimization space and to produce the complete set of Pareto optimal solutions. The four different types of forest owners as potential decision-makers were simulated, and precise management goals in multidimensional target space were defined. Then, the optimal tending system for each forest owner in three stands, differing by the degree of the naturalness of the species composition, was detected. The multi-criteria analysis suggests that predominantly economically oriented forest management still prevails in the Czech and Slovak Republics, which can be as a source of conflicts among forest owners and other stakeholders. The existence of trade-offs between biodiversity, ecological stability and wood production and different owners’ demands must be taken into account. The possibility of balancing the management risks and wood provision according to the owner’s and other stakeholders’ demands with the aid of the easy-to-apply IDM/RGM methods (and the careful assistance of a specialist experienced in multi-criteria optimization) was introduced. At the same time, the application of real integrative management in small forest areas was demonstrated in practice. After the change of paradigm in forest management, the applied methods should prevent increasing conflicts among owners and society in former socialist countries, which have undergone a fundamental transformation in terms of forest ownership in recent decades.
ISSN: 1999-4907
Type: article
Appears in Collections:CIMA - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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