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Title: The effectiveness of critical thinking instructional strategies in health professions education: a systematic review
Authors: Payan-Carreira, Rita
Cruz, Gonçalo
Papathanasiou, Ioanna V.
Fradelos, Evangelos
Lai, Jiang
Keywords: Critical Thinking
clinical reasoning
clinical judgement
higher education
instructional strategies
systematic review
Issue Date: 20-Mar-2019
Citation: Rita Payan-Carreira, Gonçalo Cruz, Ioanna V. Papathanasiou, Evangelos Fradelos & Lai Jiang (2019) The effectiveness of critical thinking instructional strategies in health professions education: a systematic review, Studies in Higher Education, DOI: 10.1080/03075079.2019.1586330
Abstract: This review intends to reveal the current status of the instructional practices used to enhance Critical Thinking (CrT), Clinical Reasoning and Clinical Judgement (CJ) skills and dispositions in Health Sciences Higher Education programmes. After a three-step filtering process, 28 empirical studies on the effectiveness of the instructional strategies were analysed, following PICOS methodology. The analysis tackled the type of strategy, methods and outcomes, the research design, and assessment tools used. Diverse instructional designs, different in length, were used with variable success when compared with traditional lecturing. Several limitations were found, such as insufficient information regarding the intervention design and the alignment between learning outcomes and the assessment instruments. Due to the variability in sample sizes and research designs, it is difficult to conclude on the effectiveness of particular instructional strategies. Researchers ought to recognize the concerns herein discussed when designing, implementing and assessing future interventions.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:MVT - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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