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Title: Ecotoxicological tools to assess the impact pollution of tributaries to the Alqueva Reservoir (Southern Portugal)
Authors: Palma, Patrícia
Fialho, Sofia
Lima, Ana
Penha, Alexandra
Novais, Maria Helena
Monllor-Alcaraz, Luis Simon
Guillem-Argiles, Nuria
López de Alda, Miren
Alvarenga, Paula
Morais, Manuela
Salgado, Rui
Keywords: Alqueva tributaries
ecotoxicological assessment
ecological status
Issue Date: 13-May-2018
Publisher: 28th Annual Meeting of the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry- Europe, Rome, Italy
Citation: 28th Annual Meeting of the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry- Europe, Rome, Italy, 13-17 May 2018 Palma P., Fialho S., Lima A., Penha A., Novais M.H., Monllor-Alcaraz L.S., Guillem-Argiles N., Lopez de Alda M., Alvarenga P., Morais M. & Salgado R. “Ecotoxicological tools to assess the impact pollution of tributaries to the Alqueva Reservoir (Southern Portugal)”
Abstract: Degradation of surface waters and biodiversity loss at different spatial and temporal scales occurs through multiple stressors whose effects are difficult to separate and identify. Efficient management of water bodies depends on the development and selection of robust, sensitive and easily applicable tools that allow prioritizing the pressures and stressors that act in a basin, and mitigate their effects. The Alqueva reservoir constitutes the most important water supply source in southern Portugal, a semi-arid region with high levels of water scarcity and where agriculture is one of the main activities. The aim of the present study was to assess the use of an ecotoxicological tool-box in tributaries of the Alqueva reservoir for detecting chemical alterations that may influence the water quality of the reservoir. Water samples were collected along 2017 at four tributaries of Alqueva (streams of Zebro, Álamos, Amieira and Lucefécit) and analyzed for: (i) physical chemical support elements (pH, temperature, dissolved oxygen, conductivity, chloride, total phosphorus, Kjeldahl nitrogen, ammonium, nitrite, nitrate, BOD, COD), (ii) hazardous substances (pesticides), and (iii) ecotoxicological endpoints, using bioindicators representing different trophic levels (Vibrio fischeri, Thamnocephalus platyurus, Daphnia magna). In general, Zebro and Lucefécit presented concentrations of BOD (Zebro: 4.0-35.5 mg L-1; Lucefécit: 2.3-7.5 mg L-1) and total phosphorus (Zebro: 0.18-6.23 mg L-1; Lucefécit: 0.02-1.92 mg L-1) that compromise the support of biological life, with regard to nutrient and oxygenation conditions. As regards pesticides, the concentrations detected were low, being bentazone the compound quantified at highest levels. Lucefécit was the tributary that presented higher concentrations of pesticides (with values of bentazone of 1.94 µg L-1), probably due to the intensive agriculture crops around it. Concerning to ecotoxicological analysis, the results highlighted the toxicity in sublethal parameters (reproduction, feed inhibition or growth inhibition) induced, mainly, by samples from Zebro and Lucefécit streams. So, the results from the ecotoxicological tool-box allowed identifying the streams that promote a higher chemical impact to the reservoir, which is essential to delineate management actions to improve the water quality of the reservoir.
Type: lecture
Appears in Collections:ICT - Comunicações - Em Congressos Científicos Internacionais

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