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Title: Opportunities for large-scale energy storage in geological formations in mainland Portugal
Authors: Carneiro, Júlio
Matos, Catarina
Van Gessel, Serge
Editors: Foley, Aoife M.
Keywords: Energy storage
Renewable energy sources
Geological reservoirs
Issue Date: Oct-2018
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Carneiro, J. F., Matos, C. R., & van Gessel, S. (2019). Opportunities for large-scale energy storage in geological formations in mainland Portugal. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 99, 201-211. doi:
Abstract: This article presents the methodology and results of the first screening conducted in Portugal to identify geological formations suitable for large-scale storage of energy from renewable sources. The screening focused on the identification of adequate porous media rocks, salt formations and igneous host rocks that could act as reservoirs for gas (hydrogen or methane) storage, Compressed Air Energy Storage, Underground Pumped Hydro and Underground Thermal Energy Storage. Public access geological information was collected, compiled in a database and spatially referenced in a GIS environment. The GIS and database were cross-checked with criteria for selecting geological reservoirs and with existing or anticipated spatial, environmental and social constraints. In a third step the feasibility of deploying each large-scale energy storage technology in each prospective reservoir was assessed and classified according to confidence, ranging from unlikely to proven, and to proximity to areas with wind or solar energy potential, accessibility to power transmission lines and natural gas networks. The outcome is a first screening of priority sites to be studied at the local scale in future projects. Early target for detailed studies are the existing salt caverns and an abandoned salt mine in the Lusitanian Basin. Natural gas storage in salt formations is being carried in the region for decades, proving the adequacy of the salt formations and demonstrating the social acceptance. Porous media aquifers in the same Lusitanian basin may also hold an interesting potential, although there is considerable uncertainty due to the scarcity of geological data about deep aquifers. The Sines industrial cluster, in SW Portugal, is another interesting target area, due to the existence of a host rock with proven containment capacity. The technologies with the best potential for application in the Portuguese geologic context seem to be CAES and Underground Gas Storage linked to Power-to-gas projects.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:CGE - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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