Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:

Title: Can older adults accurately perceive affordances for a stepping forward task? Differences between faller and non-faller community-dwelling older adults.
Authors: Almeida, Gabriela
Bravo, Jorge
Rosado, hugo rosado
Pereira, Catarina
Keywords: Aging
Falling risk
Perception of affordances
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: BMC Health Services Research
Citation: Almeida, G., Bravo, J., Rosado, H., & Pereira, C. (2018). Can older adults accurately perceive affordances for a stepping forward task? Differences between faller and non-faller community-dwelling older adults. (abstract) BMC Health Services Research 18(Suppl 2):684
Abstract: Background Different studies framing an ecological approach to perception [1] have tried to understand how people, mostly children [2] and adults [3], perceive their action limits, in other words, what an environment affords related on individual characteristics. However, studies about older adults seem to be scarcer [4–7], particularly studies focused on whether or not faller and non-faller older adults can accurately per- ceive affordances for a stepping forward task. Objective The purpose of this study was to determine if older people could ac- curately perceive affordances for the task of stepping forward. The relationship between real and estimated maximum distance was ex- plored in community-dwelling older adults, comparing fallers with non-fallers. Methods A sample of 347 community-dwelling older adults (age 73.02 ± 6.40 yr; non-fallers: 57.9%, fallers: 42.1%) with the absence of cognitive impairment participated in the study. Participants were asked to pre- dict their maximum distance for a stepping forward prior to perform- ing the task. Absolute Percent Error (APE), Absolute Error (AE) and Error Tendency (ET) were calculated accordingly (2.8). APE measured deviation percentage from accurate perceptions, AE indicated the discrepancy (in cm) between estimation and real performance. ET in- dicated the direction of the error (under- or overestimation bias). Results On average, non-faller estimated (63.7 ± 15.5 cm) and performed (70.7 ± 14.9 cm) greater distances than faller (estimation: 57.1 ± 14.5 cm; real: 61.7 ± 14.6 cm) older adults. No statistically significant dif- ferences were observed in APE (fallers: 7.2 ± 12.4 %; non-fallers: 9.6 ± 12.5 %). However, differences in AE were significant between faller (6.7 ± 5.9 cm) and non-faller (9.6 ± 12.5 cm) older adults (p = .001).Old people had a huge tendency to underestimate (77.2%) the max- imum distance achieved in a stepping forward. The results show a significant association between ET and being faller (χ2(1) =6.407, p=.01). Despite general participants exhibit an underestimation ten- dency, this tendency is greater in non-fallers (61.6% vs 38.4%). Fur- ther, there were fewer non-fallers than fallers overestimating their ability to step forward (45.6% vs 54.4%). Conclusions Older adults displayed a tendency to underestimate the maximum distance they can stepping-forward. The bias of overestimation is more frequent in fallers, whereas persons who underestimated tend to do not fall, suggesting that they have a protective behaviour which avoids falls. Data evidence that older adults can perceive what the environment affords, which is in agreement with an ecological perspective to perception and action.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:DES - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
Can older adults accurately perceive affordances.pdf68.93 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
FacebookTwitterDeliciousLinkedInDiggGoogle BookmarksMySpaceOrkut
Formato BibTex mendeley Endnote Logotipo do DeGóis 

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.


Dspace Dspace
DSpace Software, version 1.6.2 Copyright © 2002-2008 MIT and Hewlett-Packard - Feedback
UEvora B-On Curriculum DeGois