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Title: Analysis of the Conservation of Central American Mangroves Using the Phytosociological Method
Authors: Cano-Ortiz, Ana
Musarella, Carmelo
Fuentes, Carlos
Pinto-Gomes, Carlos
Río, Sara
Quinto-Canas, Ricardo
Cano, Eusébio
Keywords: mangrove
phytosociological method
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: InTechopen
Citation: Cano-Ortiz A., Musarella C., Pinto-Gomes C., Río S., Quinto-Canas R. & Cano E. (2018). Analysis of the Conservation of Central American Mangroves Using the Phytosociological Method. InTechopen, chapter 9, pp. 189-206.
Abstract: Our study of mangrove swamps revealed a total of 120 species, of which 13 are characteristics of mangrove swamps, and 38 of flooded areas with low salt. All the others are invasive species which have taken advantage of the degradation of these natural ecosystems. The scenario is not very different in Laguna de Tres Palos in Mexico. The frequent fires in the low-growing semi-deciduous rainforest (dry forest) have caused intense erosion, with the consequence that the site has silted up. As a result, the first vegetation band of Rhizophora mangle is extremely rare. Instead, Laguncularia racemosa and Conocarpus erectus are dominant, along with a band of Phragmito-Magnocaricetea with a high occurrence of Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin., which acts as an indicator of sediment silting. It is extremely frequent for several reasons: as it is the decrease of the salinity of the water, the scarce depth due to the accumulation of sediments and the contamination by the entrance of residual waters of the nearby populations. When the depth and salinity of the water are suitable, the dominant species are Rhizophora mangle, Laguncularia racemosa, and Avicennia germinans.
Type: bookPart
Appears in Collections:PAO - Publicações - Capítulos de Livros

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