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|Title: ||Modulation of di erent kelp life stages by herbivory: compensatory growth versus population decimation|
|Authors: ||Franco, J|
|Issue Date: ||2017|
|Publisher: ||Marine Biology|
|Abstract: ||Partitioning the e ects of herbivory on di erent life stages of primary producers is key to understanding the population-wide consequences of herbivory. We assessed the performance of microscopic (MiS <1 mm) juveniles, macroscopic (MaS) juveniles and adult kelp (Laminaria ochroleuca) under contrasting herbivory regimes through a herbivore exclusion eld experiment. The abundance of MiS and the survival of MaS decreased by 67 and 63%, respec- tively, when herbivorous shes and sea urchins were present. Blade growth (linear and area) of adult kelp displayed con- trasting patterns under herbivore pressure: a 60% increase and a 46% decrease, respectively. These results indicate that while herbivory severely reduces juvenile survival, it may also induce compensatory growth (measured as linear growth) in adult kelp. In summary, we here demonstrate how herbivory a ects all sporophyte life stages of the kelp L. ochroleuca. This is likely to have important implications for situations where historical patterns of herbivore presence and herbivory are changing, such as is increasingly the case in many temperate regions due to warming around the world.|
|Appears in Collections:||BIO - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica|
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