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Title: The 2016 south Alboran earthquake (Mw= 6.4): A reactivation of the Ibero-Maghrebian region?
Authors: Buforn, Elisa
Pro, Carmen
Sanz de Galdeano, Carlos
Cantavella, Juan
Caldeira, Bento
Udias, Agustin
Mattesini, Maurizio
Keywords: Seismic series
Focal mechanisms
Coulomb Failure Stress
Alboran 2016 earthquake
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Tectonophysics
Citation: Buforn, E., Pro, C., de Galdeano, C. S., Cantavella, J. V., Cesca, S., Caldeira, B., ... & Mattesini, M. (2017). The 2016 south Alboran earthquake (Mw= 6.4): A reactivation of the Ibero-Maghrebian region?. Tectonophysics, 712, 704-715.
Abstract: On 25 January 2016, an earthquake of magnitude Mw = 6.4 occurred at the southern part of the Alboran Sea, between southern Spain and northern Morocco. This shock was preceded by a foreshock (Mw = 5.1) and fol- lowed by a long aftershock sequence. Focal mechanism of main shock has been estimated from slip inver- sion of body waves at teleseismic distances. Solution corresponds to left-lateral strike-slip motion, showing a complex bilateral rupture, formed by two sub-events, with most energy propagating along a plane oriented N30°E plane dipping to the NW. Relocation of larger events of the aftershock series, show two alignments of epicentres in NE-SW and NNE-SSW direction that intersect at the epicentre of the main shock. We have estimated the focal mechanisms of the largest aftershocks from moment tensor inversion at regional distances. We have obtained two families of focal mechanisms corresponding to strike slip for the NNE-SSW alignment and thrusting motion for the NE-SW alignment. Among the faults present in the area the Al Idrisi fault (or fault zone) may be a good candidate for the source of this earthquake. The study of Coulomb Failure Stress shows that it is possible that the 2016 earthquake was triggered by the previous nearby earthquakes of 1994 (Mw = 5.8) and 2004 (Mw = 6.3). The possible seismic reactivation of the central part of the Ibero-Maghrebian region is an open question, but it is clear that the occurrence of the 2016 earthquake confirms that from 1994 the seismicity of central part of IMR is increasing and that focal mechanism of largest earthquakes in this cen- tral part correspond to complex ruptures (or zone of fault).
Type: article
Appears in Collections:FIS - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica
ICT - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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