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|Title: ||Optimal branching structure of fluidic networks with permeable walls|
|Authors: ||Pepe, V. R.|
Miguel, A. F.
|Keywords: ||Branching Structures|
|Issue Date: ||Apr-2017|
|Citation: ||V. R. Pepe, L. A. O. Rocha, A. F. Miguel (2017) Optimal branching structure of fluidic networks with permeable walls. BioMed Research International 2017, 5284816|
|Abstract: ||Biological and engineering studies of Hess-Murray’s law are focused on assemblies of tubes with impermeable walls. Blood vessels
and airways have permeable walls to allow the exchange of fluid and other dissolved substances with tissues. Should Hess-Murray’s
law hold for bifurcating systems in which the walls of the vessels are permeable to fluid? This paper investigates the fluid flow in a porous-walled T-shaped assembly of vessels. Fluid flow in this branching flow structure is studied numerically to predict the configuration that provides greater access to the flow. Our findings indicate, among other results, that an asymmetric flow (i.e., breaking the symmetry of the flow distribution) may occur in this symmetrical dichotomous system. To derive expressions for the optimum branching sizes, the hydraulic resistance of the branched system is computed. Here we show the T-shaped assembly of vessels is only conforming to Hess-Murray’s law optimum as long as they have impervious walls. Findings also indicate that the optimum relationship between the sizes of parent and daughter tubes depends on the wall permeability of the assembled tubes.
Our results agree with analytical results obtained from a variety of sources and provide new insights into the dynamics within the assembly of vessels.|
|Appears in Collections:||ICT - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica|
FIS - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica
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