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Title: Management of the biological diversity of AM fungi by combination of host plant succession and integrity of extraradical mycelium.
Authors: Brigido, Clarisse
van Tuinen, Diederik
Brito, Isabel
Alho, Luís
Goss, M.J.
Carvalho, Mário
Keywords: AMF community structure
Preferential colonisation
Abiotic stress
Triticum aestivum L.
Trifolium subterraneum L.
Issue Date: May-2017
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Brígido C., van Tuinen, D., Brito I., Alho, L., Goss M. J. and Carvalho M. (2017) Management of the biological diversity of AM fungi by combination of host plant succession and integrity of extraradical mycelium. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 112: 237-247
Abstract: As functional diversity influences the benefits conferred on host plants by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and large scale commercial inoculation is currently impracticable, strategies are required to manage communities of indigenous AMF associated with different hosts within agricultural cropping systems. In a non-sterilized soil, using 454 pyrosequencing of the LSU-D2 rDNA gene, host plant AMF diversity was assessed following successions of different plant species, grown with or without prior soil disturbance. Diversity present in the roots of two species of the Fabaceae (Ornithopus compressus and Trifolium subterraneum) was compared with those of two species of Poaceae (Lolium rigidum and Triticum aestivum). When spores and colonised root fragments formed were the main propagules source (disturbed soil), the communities of AMF present in the two legumes were clearly different from those of the two members of the Poaceae but were similar for plants within each family, consistent with there being preferential symbioses existing within an AMF population for host classes. Significantly, wheat grown in undisturbed soil immediately after the legume O. compressus acquired a mycorrhizal fungal community closely related to that of the previous host plant, and different to that found when the soil was disturbed or not cropped prior to the growth of the wheat. Parallel effects were seen in the succession from L. rigidum to T. subterraneum, indicating that these effects are not unique to the legume-wheat sequence. These results also suggest that, under no-till cropping, selected cover crops or crops in rotation could help build mycorrhizal communities that function throughout a sequence of several main crops.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:FIT - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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