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Title: The Selection Process of Applications to the Portuguese Innovation Incentive System: Who Gets Financial Support?
Authors: Santos, Anabela
Cincera, Michele
Neto, Paulo
Serrano, Maria Manuel
Keywords: Effectiveness
Public Funding
Issue Date: 2016
Citation: Santos, Anabela; Cincera, Michele; Neto, Paulo & Serrano, Maria Manuel (2016). "The Selection Process of Applications to the Portuguese Innovation Incentive System: Who Gets Financial Support?" In Proceedings of 24th Workshop APDR – Entrepreneurship and Performance in Regional Context. Lisboa, Universidade Lusófona, 17 march, pp. 212-225
Abstract: Public policies to support entrepreneurship and innovation play a vital role when firms have difficulties in accessing external finance. However, some authors have found evidence of long-term inefficiency in subsidized firms (Bernini and Pelligrini, 2011; Cerqua and Pelligrini, 2014) and ineffectiveness of public funds (Jorge and Suárez, 2011). The aim of the paper is to assess the effectiveness in the selection process of applications to public financial support for stimulating innovation. Using a binary choice model, we investigate which factors influence the probability of obtaining public support for an innovative investment. The explanatory variables are connected to firm profile, the characteristics of the project and the macroeconomic environment. The analysis is based on the case study of the Portuguese Innovation.Incentive System (PIIS) and on the applications managed by the Alentejo Regional Operational Program in the period 2007 – 2013. The results show that the selection process is more focused on the expected impact of the project than on the firm’s past performance. Factors that influence the credit risk and the decision to grant a bank loan do not seem to influence the government evaluator regarding the funding of some projects. Past activities in R&D do not significantly affect the probability of having an application approved under the PIIS, whereas an increase in the number of patents and the number of skilled jobs are both relevant factors. Nevertheless, some evidence of firms’ short-term inefficiency was found, in that receiving public financial support is linked to a smaller increase in productivity compared to non-approved firm applications. At the macroeconomic level, periods with a higher cost of capital in financial markets are linked to a greater probability of getting an application for public support approved, which could be associated with the effectiveness of public support in correcting market failings.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:CICS.NOVA - Artigos em Livros de Actas/Proceedings
ECN - Artigos em Livros de Actas/Proceedings
ECN - Artigos em Livros de Actas/Proceedings
CEFAGE - Artigos em Livros de Actas/Proceedings
SOC - Artigos em Livros de Actas/Proceedings

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