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|Title: ||Benthic nematodes assemblages of three new mud volcanoes along the SWIM deep-reaching transform fault in the Horseshoe Abyssal Plain (NE Atlantic)|
|Authors: ||Ramalho, S.P.|
Gulf of Cadiz
|Issue Date: ||14-Sep-2015|
|Citation: ||Ramalho SP, Ribeiro C, Hensen C, Cunha MR, Nuzzo M, Terrinha P, Adão H. Benthic nematodes assemblages of three new mud volcanoes along the SWIM deep-reaching transform fault in the Horseshoe Abyssal Plain (NE Atlantic). 14th DSBS - Deep-sea Biology Symposium, 31st August - 4th September 2015, Aveiro, Portugal.|
|Abstract: ||During the RV METEOR M86/5 cruise (as part of the SWIMGLO project PTDC/MAR/100522/2008) three new mud volcanoes were discovered and characterized at ca. 4500m depths: Michael Ivanov, Abzu and Tiamat, located along the already described lithospheric SWIM1 fault in the transition between the accretionary prism and the Horseshoe Abyssal Plain (Gulf od Cadiz). The benthic nematode assemblages present in the sediments collected along the SWIM1 fault, including the three new mud volcanoes, was thoroughly studied, aiming to relate the spatial distribution and structure of the assemblages with the geochemical composition of the seeping fluids from this area in comparison with an area far from the influence of fluid seepage. The sampling design was as follows: four sampling stations located in M. Ivanov MV (including stations located at different distances from the seep site), two in Abzu MV and one in Tiamat Mud. Porto MV and the “Site 2” were sampled as reference stations.
Nematodes were the dominant taxonomic group found across all studied stations. The Principal Coordinate analysis (PCO) applied to detect the spatial distribution patterns of nematode assemblages showed a separation of the stations located along the SWIM1 fault and its regional reference (site 2), from the Porto MV located on the accretionary prism, where higher densities of the genera Sabatieria and Linhomoeus were found. Within the new mud volcanoes, M. Ivanov MV presented an increase in total abundance, as well a shift in community composition with increasing distance from the seepage site. Furthermore, nematode assemblages density, composition and biomass varied greatly with sediment depth. The abundance, composition and diversity of the nematodes communities found confirm that many deep-sea nematode genera are cosmopolitan, inhabiting a variety of deep-sea habitats, including seepage habitats.|
|Appears in Collections:||GEO - Comunicações - Em Congressos Científicos Internacionais|
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